Olive Oil from Tunisia :
The olive tree is rich in its history of the Mediterranean region. The culture of olive oil goes to years BC.
It was first brought to Tunisia from the Middle East by the ancient Phoenicians
Than throughout the Mediterranean history, Carthaginians, Romans, Arabs and all civilisations have been passing the cultivation know-how from one generation to the other.
Tunisia is now one of the largest producers of olive oil offering multiple local varieties such as Chemlali, Weslati and Chetoui.
Tunisia, the North African olive grove per excellence
If the Mediterranean is considered the cradle of our civilization. The tree is also part of our culture.
Blessed by the gods and symbol of wisdom, peace, and longevity. Was planted by the Phoenicians in Tunisia, then was inherited by all the civilizations.
That have succeeded one another over time.
Defying the vagaries of nature, the tree lasted, triumphed and became an integral part of our culture.
Tunisia has become the northern African olive grove par excellence with extensive tree farms on 1.8 million hectares and 88 million olive trees.
Distributed throughout the Tunisian territory and a production that covers 8% of the world production.
Indeed, excluding the countries of the European Union, Tunisia is the world’s largest producer in the olive oil sector and the largest exporter.
The olive tree,
Rich in its history in the region of the Mediterranean basin, was brought from the Middle East to Tunisia by the Phoenicians, founders of Carthage.
Then many Mediterranean civilizations, from Phoenicians to Greeks, Carthaginians to Romans and Arabs took turns throughout history to transmit the knowledge of the culture of the olive.
Tunisia has become the heiress of 2000 years of expertise in olive growing and therefore “an olive grove par excellence”.
With plantations spread over a large part of the territory, starting with the island of Cyraunis (Kerkena) to go through Byzacène (Cape Good) then Hadrumète (Sousse).
And finally in the steppes of Kasserine and in the south around Zarzis and the island of Djerba.
At the time of the Carthaginians, a true cultivation had begun to spread following the advantages granted to the peasants who created olivettes.
Then, the Romans developed it more by intensifying the irrigation on this earth or the rain was made rare.
They are inventing the technique of extraction of oil as evidenced by the excavations of Sbeitla and El Jem and the many Roman mosaics discovered in Sousse.
Finally the Arabs of Andalusia settled in Tunisia taking advantage of the facilities offered at the time to acquire farms and cultivate the tree.
Moreover, and because of its importance in the daily life of peoples in antiquity.
Olive oil gave rise to flourishing trade and became a source of wealth for all the civilizations that marked the history of the Tunisia.
Source : National Office of Oil (ONH), Tunisia